The Archetype of the Little House

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I’ve long had a love for little houses, and have always been fascinated by their appearance in books and things I admire.

Little houses are often magical dwellings, places where people, unencumbered by excess space or distraction, retreat in order to deepen their relationships with themselves or others.

My enchantment could have begun with the Laura Ingalls Wilder books, whose hard covers, thick paper, and charming line drawings I greatly reveredthough I was put off on the text for a long time because of the TV show, which creeped me out. It seemed to have a religious agenda, and I grew up with an aversion to religion, so I didn’t really read much of the books till I was in my early 20s and images of the bright but somehow dreary light of the TV show’s intro credits had faded from my impression somewhat.

Smurf houseChildhood little houses

What it began with was The Smurfs.

In a way I think of that now as a dippy cartoon about little blue people with vapid personalities and high-pitched, annoying voices, but I loved that show as a kid.

I loved the magic of the forest, the conjury of the potions, the adventure of the journeys to visit sages and healers, and the earthiness of the medieval setting.

I loved that show so much, in fact, that when I spent weekends at my grandparents’ house as a kid I would set the kitchen timer (for whatever reason in lieu of an alarm clock) for an hour every hour on Friday nights all the way till 6 a.m. on Saturdays when the show came on. I would savor The Smurfs, and then go back to bed and sleep until, say, Scooby-Doo came on at noon.

What I loved about The Smurfs was that they lived in a utopian village in the woodsand that each Smurf had his own mushroom. Or her own mushroom. Personal spaces of retreat where each Smurf worked at his own skill or nurtured his own nature.

Papa Smurf concocted magical brews in his own mushroom.

Greedy Smurf baked pies in his own mushroom.

Lazy Smurf slept and dreamed in his own mushroom.

Smurfette had a closetful of white dresses in her own mushroom.

I wished fervently for my own mushroom, because all the Smurfs lived so peacefully in those cozy self-governed cottages, but each was also a part of the greater Smurf community.

Adolescent little houses

Later on, a book that arrested my preteen attention was V.C. Andrews’ Dark Angel.

I identified with the heroine, a young girl who was sent to live in the mansion of her mysterious grandparents. My grandparents didn’t have a mansion, but their house was large to me when I was small and its size and contents were endlessly fascinating.

One day, while exploring the grounds of her forebears’ mansion, the girl discovered an English maze.

I think she spent a few breathless days being afraid to enter the labyrinth, but at last she did, and in its center she discovered a little cottage.

There lived a forbidden man who she fell in love with, and I was introduced to a contemporary take on the gothic romance.

I slight it here slightly, but it had a profound effect on my psyche. Like an enchanted mushroom, this cottage was a refuge for a character who was in the midst of growing up and developing her identity.

15famouscabins_4Speaking of which, that’s what Snow White was doing in the dwarves’ little house. In The Uses of Enchantment (sometimes now spurned as outdated but still carrying some interesting insight), child psychologist Bruno Bettelheim says that the plight of Snow White symbolizes her movement from childhood to pubescence, and eventually to love and marriage.

“The peaceful preadolescent period Snow White has while living with the dwarfs before the queen again disturbs her gives her the strength to move into adolescence,” Bettelheim wrote.

Taking refuge from the threat of having her childhood killed (symbolized by her stepmother’s orders that the hunter kill her), Snow White settles for a time in the tiny house of the dwarves. What their cozy abode offers her is a bit like her ensuing sleep in the foresta space for rest and pause. Once she leaves the dwarves’ little house, she’s more prepared to grow toward maturity.

The little house also promotes change for adults.

In Kate Chopin’s The Awakening, Victorian wife and mother Edna Pontellier finds that she’s stifled by a lack of personhood. What she views as a “life of caretaking” impedes her desire to feel like a whole human being, someone who can be and do what feels right for herself.

This leads her to leave her husband’s mansion and move to her “pigeon house,” a small cottage that represents independence and emancipation.

“The pigeon house pleased her,” Chopin wrote. “Every step which she took toward relieving herself from obligations added to her strength and expansion as an individual.”

For quite a spell the little house appeared in every book I read. There was the gamekeeper’s cottage in Lady Chatterley’s Lover, where Connie, like Edna, discovers a world outside the one she had been bred for.

I think, though my memory is foggy, that there’s a little house, or maybe a gazebo, in The Age of Innocence too, where Newland Archer and the Countess Olenska meet over the years to discuss their love. Though that little house could have been in The House of Mirth.

But whateverbasically, all the characters in books with little houses fare differently as a result of their time in their little houses, but a common theme is that the little houses serve as havens where the characters experience something different from the norm of, say, the mammoth mansions they usually reside in.

This makes sense because of the expanse of space in a mansion: All those rooms are filled with distractions and psychic or familial weight and deluded, confining customs.

Of course there’s also the writer’s little house, the place where the writer finds the peace to create.

When I was in writing school (which is to say when I belatedly pursued my bachelor’s degree at a low-residency liberal arts college, which sadly no longer exists, and which truly helped me learn how to become what I always knew I was), I started my self-designed studies with a look at how other writers work.

I browsed a book called The Writer’s Desk with photos by Jill Krementz, Kurt Vonnegut’s wife, and became captivated by this image…

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…of E. B. White writing in his little boathouse in Maine.

That’s the little house, I thought, where the writer retreats in solitude to develop his work.

photo-383x383A couple years ago I attended a conference where writer Ann Handley talked about having built a tiny house to write in.

She also mentioned having pursued as many pen pals as possible as a child, and talked about creating different lives for herself to write to each pen pal about, so the tiny house wasn’t the only writerly parallel that caught my ear. But it certainly grabbed me.

Many writers pursue the tiny house. Thoreau, Roald Dahl, Mark Twain, Michael Pollan … it seems that at one point or another everyone whose heart is bound to words is compelled to seek a cabin or a mushroom or a boathouse or a room of their own.

Visiting little houses

For my part, I don’t think I’ve ever stayed in a little house I didn’t like.

I remember lodging in a cabin near a lake in Ontario for a week or so one summer when I was about five and feeling that it was a sanctuary.

When I was 11 and 12 I went to camp and reveled in the coziness of paneled walls and bunk beds and the surprising sanctity of vespers and the smell of sulfury well water and sweet-scented bug spray and coconuty suntan lotionin our little cabin.

I guess I went to a crappy camp when I was 10 and that cabin sucked, but when I was 23 I stayed in a cabin in Northern California that nourished me, and for a period of years I used to sojourn for a night or two in a peaceful cabin on Lake Erie on my way to school in Vermont, and when I turned 30 we spent my birthday up north in Wisconsin in a soothing cabin, watching the stars and listening to the lake water lap against the pier.

And a couple years ago I went to a writers’ retreat in the redwoods, where I felt like my tiny writer’s cabin was my own private mushroom.

2e14f5eadf5176504b1c136b000b8726Soon after that I started reading a book called At Home in France by New Yorker and New York Times editor Ann Barry.

Barry owned a little stone house in the south of France called Pech Farguet, or “the hill of the little forge.”

Composed of a living room and a kitchen on the first floor and a bedroom and bath on the second floor, it is indeed a little house. One day I’ll visit it and feel an affinity with a writer who for many years spent a week or two escaping her American life and reveling in the magic of the little house.

Dream little houses

Right now I live in an average-sized house, but I’ve always found myself craving the envelopment of a little house.

My little house doesn’t have to be in the woods per se, but it should be nestled among pine trees and willows. It should be made of wood and stone. And it should embody the repose of Owl’s little house, or Frog’s or Toad’s.

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It should, by the nature of its size and the simplicity of its nature, do what Gaston Bachelard said of dream houses in The Poetics of Space: it should “be a cottage, a dove-cote, a nest, a chrysalis.”

Because that’s what the little house is for those of us who crave one: A burrow that connects uswriters or notwith the home inside of ourselves.

Top photo taken by me of a tiny house in Tourrettes-sur-Loup. Other images borrowed from the web, and borrowed there from books like Arnold Lobel’s Owl at Home and Frog and Toad. Click images for sources.

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About Erin Harris

I'm a content writer by day and a fiction writer by night. I also write about food, travel, music, film, and much more.
This entry was posted in Art, Books, Travel, Writing and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to The Archetype of the Little House

  1. Pingback: Book Spine Poem: The Journey | Erin Harris

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